Spatial Database Management Systems

A spatial database is a database designed to store, manage, and retrieve information related to objects in a spatial context, such as their location, shape, and size. This type of database is optimized to handle complex spatial data types, relationships, and operations, such as points, lines, polygons, and spatial indexing. Examples of spatial databases include PostGIS, Oracle Spatial, and SQL Server Spatial. They are commonly used in geographic information systems (GIS), mapping, and location-based services.