Aryabhata was India’s first satellite, named after the famous Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata. It was launched on April 19, 1975, by the Soviet Union from Kapustin Yar using a Kosmos-3M rocket. The satellite weighed 360 kg and was designed to study X-rays, gamma rays, and cosmic rays. It also carried experiments in radio astronomy, aeronomy, and solar physics.
Aryabhata was instrumental in kick-starting India’s space program, and its success gave a significant boost to the country’s technological capabilities. Since then, India has launched numerous satellites for various applications, including remote sensing, communication, and navigation.
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