Regional Planning and It’s Application to Planning

Regional Planning and It's Application

“A region is a unit of land having a unique character or homogeneity, based on local features of geology, relief, soil, climate, vegetation and human way of life”

Example – The central valley of California, Indo-genetic region, etc. in Regional Planning and Its Application

  • The concept of region is generally linked with ‘space’ and has a spatial dimension.
  • Economist – Generally linked with engaged in the formulation of general growth theory.
  • Geographer – Region is an objective reality with ‘space’.
  • The major problems, sometimes a part of the district, or the whole district or the whole state, or a cluster of states are also referred as regions.

– But this confusion can under reduced as far as region is under they can three categories:

  1. Homogeniety – They may be combination of natural, economical and socio-cultural region.
  2. Nodality – Nodal region can also be delineated into a polarization flow, their surrounding some central urban plan.
  3. Programming – It may be administrative or may be political institution.

Region have following features:

  • A region should have location. e.g., middle east, south east Asia, north wast Europe etc.
  • Region should have spatial extent. e.g., Thar desert, Sahara desert.
  • Region should have boundaries e.g., Indo-giarmtic plane, Himalayas, Shivalik end etc.
  • Region may be either formal or functional.
  • Regions are hierarchically arranged.
  • Region should have transitional boundaries.

It’s Application to Planning:

  1. Planning Purpose – In actual delination of region for planning purpose, it become necessary to strike a balance between the considerations of homogeneity, nodality and administrative convenience.
  2. Development of Plans – The proper implementation of development plans, the region should have fairly homogeneous economic structure. Some topographical and socio-cultural homogeneity.
  3. Planning of Region – The planning region than an area of large enough to substantial changes in the distribution of employment and population.

Types of Region in Regional Planning and It’s Application

  1. Physical Regions – Based on land form, climate, air mass and ecosystem.
  2. Cultural Regions – Population, language, religion, political, economic, natural resources, urban, agricultural, industrial and mental regions etc.

Regional planning is a process of developing strategies and policies to guide the physical, social, and economic development of a specific geographical area or region. It involves analyzing the existing conditions, identifying the opportunities and challenges, and formulating a comprehensive plan that takes into account the unique characteristics and needs of the region.

Regional planning has many applications, including:

  1. Economic Development: Regional planning can help promote economic growth. Also development by identifying the economic strengths and weaknesses of a region. Developing policies and strategies to attract new businesses, and creating an environment that supports entrepreneurship and innovation.
  2. Land Use Planning: Regional planning can help manage the use of land in a region, ensuring that development is sustainable, balanced, and responsive to the needs of the community. This can include planning for housing, transportation, parks, and other public spaces.
  3. Environmental Planning: Regional planning can help protect the natural resources and environment of a region by promoting sustainable practices. Identifying areas of conservation and preservation, and reducing the impact of development on the environment.
  4. Infrastructure Planning: Regional planning can help ensure that a region has the necessary infrastructure, such as transportation, water, and energy systems, to support its growth and development.
  5. Social Planning: Regional planning can help promote social equity by addressing issues such as access to affordable housing, education, healthcare, and other services that are essential to a high quality of life.

Image credit – Image by Freepik

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