Regional Hierarchy of India

– In 1972 C.S.Chandrasekhara divided India into 13 macro and 35 meso region planning. – He used the criteria of physical, economic, and ecological factors to reach the macro scale division of India.

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  • Micro regions are:
  1. Jammu & kashmir and Ladakh region.
  2. Trans Indo-Gigantic plain region.
  3. Ganga-yamuna plain region.
  4. Lower ganga plain region.
  5. North-eastern region.
  6. Eastern peninsular region.
  7. Central peninsular region.
  8. Western peninsular region.
  9. Central deccan region.
  10. South peninsular region.
  11. Gujrat region.
  12. Western rajasthan region.
  13. Aravali region.
  1. Jammu Kashmir & Ladhakh Region:
  • Cover entire state of J&K ‘Shrinagar’ was the only prominent urban concentration.
  • The resource of the region were limited to ‘horticulture’ forest based industry and tourism.
  • The economic specialization of the regions also lies in it’s horticulture and forest based industry.
  • 2 meso region: 1)J&K 2)Ladhakh

2. The Trans Indo Gisngstic Plain and Hills Region:

  • It covers area of punjab, himachal, haryana, delhi, hili district of UP.
  • Delhi, Meerut, Ludhiana< Chandigarh areprominant urban/industrial concentration.
  • The chief resource of the region lies in good quality agriculture land and horticulture apart from this forestry. Agro based industry tourism etc.
  • 2 meso region: i) Bhakra-nangal agro-industrial region. ii) Delhi, Uttarakhand western UP plain and hill.

3. The Ganga – Yamuna Plain Region:

  • Cover large part of UP & MP, with Kanpur, Agara, Varanasi, Lucknow, Allahbad are main industrial region.
  • The main resource of the region lie in rich agriculture potential of the ganga plain forest of MP.
  • 2 meso region: i)Kanpur region ii)Bagelkhand region

4. Lower Ganaga Plain Region:

  • It covers northern Bihar and W.Bengal with Patna, Culcutta and Baurani as the cheif urban/industrial concentration.
  • The resource of the region lie largely in agriculture sector (Jute & Tea) and petro-chemical industry.
  • 3 meso regions: i)Northern bihar region ii)Kolkatta Hooghly region iii)North Bengal plain.

5. North – Eastern Region:

  • The region cover the entire north eastern state of India.
  • Shilong, Guwahati, Digboi, Tinsukia as main urban/industrial location.
  • The chief resource of the region lie in Jute cultivation, Tea plantation, forest, petrochemical and natural gas, chemical industry.
  • Therefore the main economic specialization are jute cultivation, coal mining, petrochemical, coal, crude oil, horticulture.
  • 3 meso regions: i)Lower shilong region with jute cultivation. ii)Upper brahmputra and hill region. iii)Eastern plain and hill region.

6. Eastern – Peninsular Region:

  • It cover north – eastern oeccan coastal plain, the dandkaranya, the mahandi basin, chotta nagpur industrial region.
  • The cheif resource potential of region included coastel, fisheries, agriculture in mahanadi basin, minerals, forest of ‘Dandakaranya’ etc.
  • 6 meso regions: i)North eastern deccan coastal plain. ii)Dandkaranya. iii)Mahandi basin. iv)Son industrial region. v)Brahmini industrial region. vi)Chota nagpur region.

7. The Central Peninsular Region:

  • It included part of Karanataka, Goa and alrge part of AP.
  • Important industrial/urban eoncentration of the region included ‘Banglore’ & ‘Hydrabad’.
  • The cheif resource of the region included fisheries of coastal belt, agriculture of Andhra plain plantation of malnad and coorg.
  • Srrnotical industry, tobacco cultivation, tobacco industry were cheif economic specilization of this region.
  • 4 meso regions: i)Karanataka coastal and interior region. ii)Rolyalseema and coastal plain region. iii)Bellari hospet mining industrial region. iv)Telangana and coatal region

8. Western Peninsular Region:

  • In this includes 8 district of Kerala and 13 district of Tamilnadu.
  • Important urban/industrial concentration is a ‘coimbtor’.
  • Kerala – Beach sand which included ‘Thoriam’ are or ‘Monazite’ reserved of the world.
  • Economic specialization in the field of plantation agriculture as well as plantation based industry.
  • Well developed transport network has provided the link between various part of region.
  • 3 meso region: i)Kerala ii)Madras – Coimbator industrial region. iii)Tamilnadu coastal region.

9. The Western Peninsular Region:

  • It covers the ‘Kokan’ and trap agro industrial area and marathwada area.
  • Most prominent urban concentration in ‘Mumbai’.
  • The chief economic specialization of the region included cotton processing and cotton textiles, light engineering industries, film industries.
  • 2 meso region: i)Kokan and trap agro industrial region. ii)Marathwada agro industrial region.

10. The Central Deccan Region:

  • It covers part of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh with Nagpur being the most prominent urban/industrial concentration.
  • The chief source of the region included horticulture, cotton cultivation, rich potential for agro based industries.
  • 2 meso regions: i)Narmada valley region. ii)Khandesh berar region.

11. Gujrat Region:

  • It included both the Gujrat hill and plains and kathiwar and kucch region.
  • Ahmedabad, Vadodra, Surat are prominent industrial or urban concentration area.
  • The chief resource of the area included petroleum, chemical, salt, limestone, bauxite.
  • In the field of agriculture, cotton and oil seed are the chief crop.
  • 2 meso regions: i)Gujrat hill and plain. ii)Kathiwar Kucch region.

12. The Western Rejsthan Region:

  • Covers arid and semi arid areas of the west Aravali’s.
  • Jodhpur, Bikaner, Ganganagar constitute it’s main urban concentration.
  • Lignite coal, limestone, gypsum, irrigated minerals.
  • Irrigated agriculture specially along the rajasthan canal.
  • 2 meso regions: i)Desert region. ii)Semi desert region.

13. The Aravalli Region:

  • Jaipur, Ajmer, Kota etc. are the important urban/industrial region.
  • The chief resource are included non ferrous metal, lead, zinc, copper, mica etc.
  • Economic specilization non ferrous metal based industry irrigation based agriculture, mixed farming, tourism etc.
  • 2 meso region: i)Kota chambal region. ii)Jaipur udaipur mixed farming.

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