– In 1972 C.S.Chandrasekhara divided India into 13 macro and 35 meso region planning. – He used the criteria of physical, economic, and ecological factors to reach the macro scale division of India.
- Micro regions are:
- Jammu & kashmir and Ladakh region.
- Trans Indo-Gigantic plain region.
- Ganga-yamuna plain region.
- Lower ganga plain region.
- North-eastern region.
- Eastern peninsular region.
- Central peninsular region.
- Western peninsular region.
- Central deccan region.
- South peninsular region.
- Gujrat region.
- Western rajasthan region.
- Aravali region.
- Jammu Kashmir & Ladhakh Region:
- Cover entire state of J&K ‘Shrinagar’ was the only prominent urban concentration.
- The resource of the region were limited to ‘horticulture’ forest based industry and tourism.
- The economic specialization of the regions also lies in it’s horticulture and forest based industry.
- 2 meso region: 1)J&K 2)Ladhakh
2. The Trans Indo Gisngstic Plain and Hills Region:
- It covers area of punjab, himachal, haryana, delhi, hili district of UP.
- Delhi, Meerut, Ludhiana< Chandigarh areprominant urban/industrial concentration.
- The chief resource of the region lies in good quality agriculture land and horticulture apart from this forestry. Agro based industry tourism etc.
- 2 meso region: i) Bhakra-nangal agro-industrial region. ii) Delhi, Uttarakhand western UP plain and hill.
3. The Ganga – Yamuna Plain Region:
- Cover large part of UP & MP, with Kanpur, Agara, Varanasi, Lucknow, Allahbad are main industrial region.
- The main resource of the region lie in rich agriculture potential of the ganga plain forest of MP.
- 2 meso region: i)Kanpur region ii)Bagelkhand region
4. Lower Ganaga Plain Region:
- It covers northern Bihar and W.Bengal with Patna, Culcutta and Baurani as the cheif urban/industrial concentration.
- The resource of the region lie largely in agriculture sector (Jute & Tea) and petro-chemical industry.
- 3 meso regions: i)Northern bihar region ii)Kolkatta Hooghly region iii)North Bengal plain.
5. North – Eastern Region:
- The region cover the entire north eastern state of India.
- Shilong, Guwahati, Digboi, Tinsukia as main urban/industrial location.
- The chief resource of the region lie in Jute cultivation, Tea plantation, forest, petrochemical and natural gas, chemical industry.
- Therefore the main economic specialization are jute cultivation, coal mining, petrochemical, coal, crude oil, horticulture.
- 3 meso regions: i)Lower shilong region with jute cultivation. ii)Upper brahmputra and hill region. iii)Eastern plain and hill region.
6. Eastern – Peninsular Region:
- It cover north – eastern oeccan coastal plain, the dandkaranya, the mahandi basin, chotta nagpur industrial region.
- The cheif resource potential of region included coastel, fisheries, agriculture in mahanadi basin, minerals, forest of ‘Dandakaranya’ etc.
- 6 meso regions: i)North eastern deccan coastal plain. ii)Dandkaranya. iii)Mahandi basin. iv)Son industrial region. v)Brahmini industrial region. vi)Chota nagpur region.
7. The Central Peninsular Region:
- It included part of Karanataka, Goa and alrge part of AP.
- Important industrial/urban eoncentration of the region included ‘Banglore’ & ‘Hydrabad’.
- The cheif resource of the region included fisheries of coastal belt, agriculture of Andhra plain plantation of malnad and coorg.
- Srrnotical industry, tobacco cultivation, tobacco industry were cheif economic specilization of this region.
- 4 meso regions: i)Karanataka coastal and interior region. ii)Rolyalseema and coastal plain region. iii)Bellari hospet mining industrial region. iv)Telangana and coatal region
8. Western Peninsular Region:
- In this includes 8 district of Kerala and 13 district of Tamilnadu.
- Important urban/industrial concentration is a ‘coimbtor’.
- Kerala – Beach sand which included ‘Thoriam’ are or ‘Monazite’ reserved of the world.
- Economic specialization in the field of plantation agriculture as well as plantation based industry.
- Well developed transport network has provided the link between various part of region.
- 3 meso region: i)Kerala ii)Madras – Coimbator industrial region. iii)Tamilnadu coastal region.
9. The Western Peninsular Region:
- It covers the ‘Kokan’ and trap agro industrial area and marathwada area.
- Most prominent urban concentration in ‘Mumbai’.
- The chief economic specialization of the region included cotton processing and cotton textiles, light engineering industries, film industries.
- 2 meso region: i)Kokan and trap agro industrial region. ii)Marathwada agro industrial region.
10. The Central Deccan Region:
- It covers part of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh with Nagpur being the most prominent urban/industrial concentration.
- The chief source of the region included horticulture, cotton cultivation, rich potential for agro based industries.
- 2 meso regions: i)Narmada valley region. ii)Khandesh berar region.
11. Gujrat Region:
- It included both the Gujrat hill and plains and kathiwar and kucch region.
- Ahmedabad, Vadodra, Surat are prominent industrial or urban concentration area.
- The chief resource of the area included petroleum, chemical, salt, limestone, bauxite.
- In the field of agriculture, cotton and oil seed are the chief crop.
- 2 meso regions: i)Gujrat hill and plain. ii)Kathiwar Kucch region.
12. The Western Rejsthan Region:
- Covers arid and semi arid areas of the west Aravali’s.
- Jodhpur, Bikaner, Ganganagar constitute it’s main urban concentration.
- Lignite coal, limestone, gypsum, irrigated minerals.
- Irrigated agriculture specially along the rajasthan canal.
- 2 meso regions: i)Desert region. ii)Semi desert region.
13. The Aravalli Region:
- Jaipur, Ajmer, Kota etc. are the important urban/industrial region.
- The chief resource are included non ferrous metal, lead, zinc, copper, mica etc.
- Economic specilization non ferrous metal based industry irrigation based agriculture, mixed farming, tourism etc.
- 2 meso region: i)Kota chambal region. ii)Jaipur udaipur mixed farming.