It is generally a trend that per capita income is generally taken as a factor to show the disparities between the region or state. But only per capita income does not show the overall disparities existing between states or regions. There are indicators such as industrial development, agricultural growth, level of literacy sector, urbanization, infant mortality rate, etc.
“Regional imbalnce may be defined as disparity in the standerd of living which exist within a nation or across the nation.”
“Regional imbalance refers to the spatial variation in the level of economic wealth, standard of living and quality of life within component regions of national territory.”
A. Percapita Income (2007-08)
B. Industrial Sector
The concentration of industries in west Bengal, Maharashtra, Gujrat, and Tamilnadu
- Developed states in industries (1965) Maharashtra, Tamilnadu, Gujrat, and West Bengal are:
2. Backword states in industrial development (Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Orissa)
C. Agricultural Sector
- Per capita food grain output (1948-95)
2. Fertilizer consumption
D. Village of Electrification
Rest of States
E. Infant Mortality Rate
18/1000 live birth
110/1000 live birth
70/1000 live birth
106/1000 live birth
74/1000 live birth
F. Literacy (2001)
- Social and economic infrastructure was prepared by the eleventh finance commission.
- Bihar, Mp, Orissa, Rajasthan, and most of the NE states are low index, on the other hand, Punjab, and Gujrat, Goa have better infrastructure.
- A scheme like ‘Bharat Nirman’ announced by the finance minister in his budget speech for (2005-06) vision to build infrastructure in ruler India reduces inequalities.
- ‘Bharat Nirman’ has six components: irrigation, roads, water supply, housing, rural electrification, and rural connectivity.
causes of Regional Imbalance
- Uneven distribution of resources.
- Lack of resources.
- lack of technology.
- The term ‘Growth’ is quantitative in nature.
- Growth means simply increasing in quantity.
- Growth does not remove inequalities.
- Economic growth is primarily concerned with the increase in income.
- The term development is qualitative in nature.
- Development means changes in the desired direction and at the desired speed.
- Development removes inequalities of region or state.
- Development embraces all aspects of human life.